The cold regions of Brazil are all in the South of the country. they are the only regions in Brazil with a subtropical climate, as it is below the line of the capricorn tropic. This type of climate is characterized by having the seasons well divided, with harsh winters, often with snow, and hot summers, with high levels of rain throughout the year.
Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul are the three states that make up the South Region. Curitiba, capital of Paraná, is the coldest capital in Brazil due to its geographic position of high relief. The mountain range of Rio Grande do Sul is the coldest part, with temperatures below 0 degrees, during the winter. Precisely due to its low temperatures cities like Gramado and Canela attract thousands of visitors every year to enjoy the harsh winter, so rare in Brazil.
Another striking feature is the production of wine. Most of the wine production in Brazil comes from the South mountain range. Many wineries receive visitors, promote guided tours, tasting and accommodation. What contributes to transform the region into a tourist pole.
Unlike the rest of the country, the southern region was massively colonized by Germans and Italians, encouraged by the government to inhabit the region, with land gains to produce their cultures, a fact that brings marks to the present day, from architecture, celebrations, cultures , among others. For example, Oktoberfest, which is a German tradition and, in Brazil, takes place in Blumenau, Santa Catarina.